Present Simple Examples and ways to practice

The present tense is the base form of the verb:
I work in London.

But with the third person singular (she/he/it), we add an –s:
She works in London.

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Present simple questions:
Look at these questions:

Do you play the piano?
Where do you live?
Does Jack play football?
Where does he come from?
Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?
Where do they work?

We use do and does to make questions with the present simple. We use does for the third person singular (she/he/it) and do for the others.
We cannot use the main verb to either make questions or negate sentences.
We use do and does with question words like where, what and when:
Where do Angela and Rita live?
What does Angela do?
When does Rita usually get up?

But questions with who often don’t use do or does:
Who lives in London?
Who plays football at the weekend?
Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?

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Present simple negatives:
Look at these sentences:

I like tennis but I don’t like football. (don’t = do not)
I don’t live in London now.
I don’t play the piano, but I play the guitar.
They don’t work at the weekend.
John doesn’t live in Manchester. (doesn’t = does not)
Angela doesn’t drive to work. She goes by bus.

We use do and does to make negatives with the present simple. We use doesn’t for the third person singular (she/he/it) and don’t for the others.
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· Present simple and present time:
We use the present simple to talk about:
something that is true in the present:
I‘m nineteen years old.
I‘m a student.
He lives in London.

something that happens regularly in the present:
I play football every weekend.

something that is always true:
The human body contains 206 bones.
Light travels at almost 300,000 kilometers per second.

We often use adverbs of frequency like sometimes, always and never with the present simple:
I sometimes go to the cinema.
She never plays football.

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· Present simple and future time:
We also use the present simple to talk about:
Something that is fixed in the future:
The school term starts next week.
The train leaves at 19.45 this evening.
We fly to Paris next week.

Something in the future after time words like when, after and before, and after if and unless:
I’ll talk to John when I see him.
You must finish your work before you go home.
If it rains, we’ll get wet.
He won’t come unless you ask him.

We sometimes use the present simple to talk about the past when we are:
telling a story:
I was walking down the street the other day when suddenly this man comes up to me and tells me he has lost his wallet and asks me to lend him some money. Well, he looks a bit dangerous so I‘m not sure what to do and while we are standing there …

summarizing a book, film or play:
Harry Potter goes to Hogwarts School. He has two close friends, Hermione and …

Shakespeare’s Hamlet is the Prince of Denmark. One night he sees his father’s ghost. The ghost tells him he has been murdered …

When teaching the Present Simple the ultimate goal is to make sure your students understand that it is used to describe routines, habits, daily activities, and general truths. It is also important to represent the contrast between the Present Simple and the Present Progressive/Continuous. This series of steps will guide you towards teaching the Present Simple and covers function, conjugation, and form:
Introduce an action
Pick up a newspaper and pretend to read it. Ask your students what you’re doing. They’ll say, “You’re reading a newspaper.”
Present Simple Examples
T: “What newspaper am I reading?”
S: “You’re reading The New York Times.”

Introduce Present Simple – First person singular
Tell your students, “I read The New York Times every day.” Make a list of the things you do every day as a routine:
I have breakfast at 7.
I go to work at 9.
I have lunch at 12.
I go home at 5.
I watch TV before dinner.
Make sure your students understand that you do this on a daily or weekly basis; these are habitual actions. Go around the class and have students tell you what they do every day or what some of their habits are. They should give more examples in the first person singular.

Introduce Present Simple – Second person singular
Say: “I read the New York Times. Sarah, you read USA Today”. Go around the class giving examples like, “I go to work at 9. You go to school.” Face each of your students and state a general truth:

T: “John, you live in Queens.”
John (to teacher): “You live in Queens, too.”
T: “Sally, you have a dog.”
Sally (to teacher): “You have a cat”.


Split your students up into pairs and have them give each other statements in the second person singular.

Introduce Present Simple – Third person singular
Say: “I read the New York Times. Sarah reads USA Today”. Make sure students notice that you’ve added the s for the third person singular. Give more examples with other students and introduce the irregular verbs: Ahmed goes to work at 8. Sally has lunch at 1.
Students provide more examples from the information previously shared by their classmates.

Do the same for the plural persons
Ask who lives in Cairo and ask them to stand up. Then point to yourself and those standing and say: “We live in Cairo.” Ask who lives in the Alexandria and ask them to stand up. Address those who are standing and say: “You live in the Alexandria”. Point to your group and say, “We live in Cairo”. Ask who lives in Giza and point to that group and say: “They live in Giza.”
Introduce Present Simple – Negative
Make a statement in the affirmative, then make one in negative with don’t.
T: I live in Cairo, I don’t live in the Alexandria.
Ask students to do the same presenting first an affirmative, then a negative. Practice all persons except the third person singular.
Introduce Present Simple – Negative (third person singular)
Make a statement about a student, then make one in negative form using doesn’t.
T: Alex reads the New York Times. He doesn’t read USA Today.
Ask students to do the same by using the information previously shared by their classmates.
Introduce Present Simple – Questions
Make a statement about yourself. Then ask a student a question to introduce do.
T: I walk to school. Ahmed, do you walk to school?
Walk around the classroom asking students questions and teaching them to answer, “Yes, I do” or “No, I don’t”. Do the same for all persons except third person singular.
Introduce Present Simple – Questions (third person singular)
Contrast students’ habits. Make a statement about one, then ask about another student:
Present Simple Examples
T: Ahmed walks to school. Does Sarah walk to school?
Walk around the classroom asking questions with does, and teach students to answer “Yes, he does” “No, he doesn’t”.
Expand and practice: Present Simple Exercises.
Practice all persons and forms. Ask open-ended questions. Introduce more verbs.
Present Simple Examples
Where do you live?
Where does she work?
How many languages do you speak?

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Now you Know more about How to improve your English listening skills Verbs, so keep going now and learn English online, and get your English Course online.
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